Change is the only constant. This applies in your professional life as well.
The present era has now become dependent of IT ecosystem. IT-based careers don’t change at the same pace as the Information technology itself, but they do evolve, and the savvy IT professional recognizes that their role and the job description will not stay the same. The IT worker of the 21st century has to constantly learn to survive in their particular domain because their work domain touches almost every walk of life in the world.
What does this mean for you as an IT professional?
It means “staying updated with technology trends”. And it means keeping your eyes on the future, to know which skills you’ll need to excel and what types of jobs you want to be qualified for.
Here are ten technology trends you should watch for in the years coming ahead, and amount of business and hence the jobs that will be created by these trends. Because the time to excel yourself in one of these emerging jobs is right now — in order to stay ahead of the rest in your competition.
1) Big Data
Big data refers to the problems that are associated with processing and storing different types of data. Big Data and related Data management technologies are going to continue to rise in the next years with the same pomp. Most of the companies now a days, rely on big data analytics to gain immense insight about their:
marketing initiatives and trends.
This means that the level of recruitment is high for this sector.
For your surprise, big data analysis helped Germany to win the world cup. Hadoop and Spark are the two most famous frameworks to resort to Big Data analysis.
Big data is perceived to be one of the best career moves. Strong demand for Data Analytics skills causing a great increase in the wages of the qualified professionals and making Big Data pay big remunerations for the right skills. The reasons are obvious; Soaring demand for Analytics professionals, huge Job opportunities, a top priority in a lot of organizations, rapid growth in adoption of Big data analytics, the tremendous rise of Unstructured and Semi-structured Data analytics
The first right step to start a career in Big data is to take the course that focuses on database development which covers a wide range of database training and skills.
2) Internet of Things
After a few initial drawbacks, in 2018 the Internet of Things particularly in conjunction with Augmented Technology is all set to enhance our homes, places of work, vehicles, and leisure lives. The IoT embeds some intelligence in Internet-connected devices to communicate, store and exchange information, take decisions based on the available information and trigger actions and, as a result provide valuable services in a timely manner. The IoT is considered as the future shape of the Internet that realizes
machine-to-machine communications, learning and making decisions with little or no human involvement.
IoT will remain one of the biggest tech. trends in the years to come. By definition, this sector involves hardware-centric software and firmware which will suit those who enjoy developing solutions to meet industrial needs.
Researchers estimate that within the next couple of years, as many as 20.4 billion Internet of Things (IoT) devices will be connected. This flood in the number of IoT devices in use will translate into a significant increase in the number of IoT jobs as well.
Some of the key broad-based skills necessary for the IoT domain will be Business intelligence, Application design, Mobile Applications, Data security, IoT hardware, and Networks.
3) Blockchain Technology
The Blockchain is a distributed, digital ledger. Nevertheless most people think of blockchain technology in relation to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, blockchain offers security that is useful in many other aspects. In the simple terms, blockchain can be described as data you can only add to, not take away from or modify. Hence you build up or enhance a “chain” because you’re making a chain of data. Not being able to change the existing blocks from the chain is what makes it so secure. The distributed consensus, immutability and anonymity are three major characteristics of blockchain technology, so no one entity can take control of the data, perhaps not even governments. With blockchain, you don’t need a trusted third-party to oversee or validate transactions and hence secure time and money.
This intense security is why blockchain is used for crypto-currency, and why it can play a significant role in protecting information such as personal medical data, legal documents, real estate, notary, private securities, insurance, voting process, marriage licenses and even for securing ideas and reputation.
As the use of blockchain technology increases, so too does the demand for skilled professionals. In that regard, we are already way behind. According to Techcrunch, blockchain-specific jobs are the second-fastest growing category of jobs, with 1 out of 14 jobs are available for every one blockchain developer. A blockchain developer specializes in developing and implementing architecture and solution using blockchain technology. The average yearly salary of a blockchain developer is $130,000. The job of a developer is not the only one available in the blockchain space, however. Employers are also looking for software engineers, consultants and project managers. Jobs are available at financial institutions, but also in retail, healthcare, legal, and soon probably manufacturing as well.
4) Edge Computing
Over the years, cloud computing has become mainstream, with major players AWS (Amazon Web Services), Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud dominating the market. The adoption of cloud computing is still growing, as more and more businesses migrate to a cloud solutions. Nevertheless it’s pretty much required now a days but it’s no longer the emerging technology. What is emerging instead is “Edge Computing”. In fact, some bottlenecks in cloud computing paved the way for the Edge.
As the quantity of data we’re dealing with continues to increase enormously, we’ve realized the shortcomings of cloud computing in various situations. Edge computing is designed to help address some of those problems in a way to bypass the latency caused by cloud computing and getting data to a data center for processing. It can exist “on the edge”, closer to where computing needs to happen. For this purpose, Edge computing is supposed to be used to process time-sensitive data in remote locations with limited or no connectivity to a, sometimes, far-flung centralized location. The typical use cases are, traffic control, industrial automation, health services, telecommunication and smart grid-stations. In those particular situations, Edge computing can act like mini data centers.
The increase of use of Edge computing is directly proportional to the increase in the IoT devices. By 2022, the global edge computing market is expected to reach $6.72 billion. As with any growing market, this will create a great deal of job opportunities, primarily for software engineers.
5) Artificial Intelligence (AI)
There is no dearth of hype about artificial intelligence (AI), but we’re still in the early stages of AI deployment in the enterprise.
AI refers to computers systems built to mimic human intelligence and behavior and perform tasks such as image recognition, speech recognition, patterns and decision making. AI can do these tasks faster and more accurately than human can do. Peculiarly the repetition of the tasks even several thousand times with the same precision.
AI, being around since 1956, is already widely used and is moving insanely fast in the past few year. The subsets of AI like machine learning and deep learning are gaining constant popularity among businesses. In fact, five out of eight Americans use AI services in one form or another every day, including navigation apps, streaming services, smartphone personal assistants, health care, education, ride-sharing apps, home personal assistants, and smart home devices, etc. In addition to consumer use, AI is used to schedule trains, evaluate business risk, prevent incidents in maintenance, and improve energy efficiency, among many other money-saving tasks.
AI is one part of what we call automation, and automation is a hot topic because of potential job loss. Experts speculate that automation will eliminate 73 million more jobs by 2030. However, automation is creating new types of jobs as well as eliminating the old types, especially in the field of AI. There’s a speculation that jobs in AI will reach 23 million by 2020. Jobs will be created in Research & Development, design architect, programming, QA, support and maintenance, to name a few.
6) Machine Learning
Machine Learning is a cornerstone technology under AI umbrella. With Machine Learning, computers are programmed to learn to do something they do not yet “know”: They literally learn by discovering patterns and insights from data. We have two types of learning, supervised and unsupervised.
While Machine Learning is a subset of AI, we also have subsets within the domain of Machine Learning; including neural networks, natural language processing (NLP), and deep learning. Each of these subsets offers immense opportunities for specializing in a career field that will certainly grow.
Machine Learning has found its applications in numerous areas like Financial Services, Virtual Personal Assistants, Marketing and Sales, Predictions while Traveling, Social Media Services and Healthcare.
Machine Learning is rapidly being deployed in all industrial verticals, causing a huge demand for skilled professionals. The Machine Learning market is expected to grow to $8.81 billion by 2022. Machine Learning applications are mainly used for data analytics, data mining and pattern recognition.
Machine Learning is generating countless jobs over the years. Machine Learning jobs rank among the top emerging jobs on LinkedIn, with almost 2,000 job listings posted. And these jobs pay well: Machine Learning jobs include engineers, analysts, developers, researchers, and data scientists.
7) Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality and Mixed Reality
Ever since Tom Cruise used those famous gloves in the film Minority Report in 2002, we’ve been awe-inspired by the concept of virtual reality. While cyber-gloves might be a thing of fiction, the rise in popularity of Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality is more than real. Virtual Reality (VR) immerses the user in an environment while Augment Reality (AR) enhances their environment.
Many people assume that the scope of VR does not extend beyond entertainment and gaming. But the efficient utilization of this technology by Walmart and the US army do not hold this belief true. According to Monster.com, the demand for job candidates with VR knowledge is up 37 percent, but the potential employees are in short supply. The demand is speculated to yet increase.
AR has got enormous potential in training, entertainment, education, marketing, and even rehabilitation after a disease. A great amount of growth has been observed for AR over the years. The popularity of smartphones is the only reason why companies are tempting to invest in their own AR applications. These companies also hire AR app developers in large numbers.
These two technological innovations enable us to have an immersive experience. Through such experiences, the users become better enabled to understand whatever they’re aiming to learn about, yet in lesser period of time. For instance, if you are a medical student, you can practise surgery and develop a better understanding of things, without making physical damages, through VR.
Mixed reality (MR) is the combination of twin technologies of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR).
Advances in AR, VR, MR will continue to be at the forefront of attention in the years to come with some fascinating new practical applications for industries. They are now quickly becoming useful tools in various industries such as engineering design, manufacturing, healthcare, space exploration, and many others.
According to a careful statistics, the number of active virtual reality users worldwide has crossed the number 200 million till the 1st quarter of 2019. Opportunities in this high-tech sector are only increasing – and that’s no illusion!
8) Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
In addition to Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning, Robotic Process Automation, or RPA, is another technology that is automating jobs. RPA is the use of software to automate business processes such as interpreting applications, processing transactions, dealing with data, creating purchase orders and invoices, and even sending to emails. RPA, you may refer it as an automation engine, back-end agent or a robot which automates repetitive and rule-based tasks that people used to do. These are not just the common tasks of a low-paid worker: up to 45 percent of the activities we do can be automated, including the work of financial managers, CROs, HR personnel, doctors and CEOs.
The companies are rapidly developing RPA solutions to reduce risk, enhance process quality, reduce operating cost, and improve customer experience.
Although Forrester Research estimates RPA automation will threaten the livelihood of 230 million or more knowledge workers or approximately 9 percent of the global workforce, RPA is also creating new jobs while altering existing jobs. For the IT professional looking to the future and trying to understand technology trends, RPA offers plenty of career opportunities, including developer, project manager, business analyst, solution architect, and consultant. And these jobs pay well.
The global robotic process automation (RPA) market size is expected to reach USD 3.97 billion by 2025, according to a new study by Grand View Research, Inc.
9) Cyber Security
Cyber security might not seem like emerging technology since it has been around for quite some time, but it has been evolving just like other technologies. Cyber security is inevitable, in part because new security threats are constantly arising to pose serious challenges. The malignant hackers who are trying to steal data for notorious purposes are not going to give up any time soon, and they will continue to find ways to break into the digital data repositories having even the toughest security measures.
Protecting data loss and leakage (67%) is the biggest concern for the businesses, followed by threats to data privacy (61%) and breaches of confidentiality (53%). So as long as we have hackers, we will have cyber security as a highly in-demand technology because it will constantly evolve to defend against those hackers.
As proof of the high demand for cybersecurity professionals, the number of cybersecurity jobs is growing three times faster than other tech. jobs. However, we’re always falling short of such skilled professionals. As a result, it has been predicted that we will have 3.5 million unfilled cybersecurity jobs by 2021. Many cyber security jobs pay six-figure salary, and roles can range from ethical hacker to security engineer to Chief Security Officer and Data Security Analyst, offering a promising
career path for someone who wants to get into and stick with this domain.
10) Progressive Web App (PWA)
The websites or web pages that look and act like native mobile apps or conventional apps are known as progressive web apps (PWAs). The PWAs provide benefits of mobile experience along with the features of browser technology. These apps are deployed to servers, and are accessible through URLs. PWAs should meet certain requirements like they are discoverable, installable, linkable, progressive, responsive, can work offline, and can send push notifications. They load instantly and never show the downasaur even in very slow or disruptive network. They feel like a natural mobile app with an immersive user experience.
PW applications are based on HTML5. Its backend agents are HTML5 service workers which provide all the background magic to make a sound look and feel of a native mobile app to the user. The Service workers download and store the website in the device’s cache to make it fast the next time or in the offline mode. When your mobile is connected to the internet the service workers check any update on the server and then update your app accordingly. When you fill and submit a form while you’re offline, the app stores the form in your mobile and when you’re connected to the internet the service workers submit the form to the server.
Gartner had counted PWAs as a software development trend in 2017 and it is likely to continue as a trend in 2019 and afterwords as these apps are less complex to develop and maintain as compared to conventional mobile apps.
The information technology specialists, specially the software engineers and the developers, with right skillset have a vast set of opportunities. The software development trends that are likely to dominate the upcoming years also demand more than basic development skills, yet it’s never too late to learn new things and enhance the skills. Those who are already in this arena can better grasp the new technologies and trends and qualify for the new jobs which are about to be created. And for the newbies, there’s always a new world to conquer after every 8 to 10 years because of the advent of new technologies and/or trends.